Boko Haram begründet die Anschläge auf Christen: In den vergangenen Jahren sind Hunderte von Muslimen von Christen und der nigerianischen Polizei getötet und verbrannt worden!“ Er verweist vor allem auf die Tötung ihres Führers nach der Verhaftung 2009. Wichtig ist zuzuhören, nur dann wird man die Gewalt beenden können, das rausnehmen, wo die Gruppe recht hat und das andere im Dialog zu überwinden suchen; mehr Repression, das hat das Massaker der nigerianischen Polizei an Boko Haram 2009 gezeigt, wird nur zur Rache führen, neuen unschuldigen Opfern und Gegenrache: Es gibt bei führenden Kräften auf der Erde und in Nigeria Kräfte, die an solchen Kämpfen verdienen. Es gibt Kräfte, die hoffen, dass es keinen sozialen Zusammenschluss für globale Reformen gibt, die die Macht der jetzigen Profiteure verringern würde; durch Teile – etwas Christen gegen Muslime – können sie herrschen. Für uns kommt es darauf an, eine religionsübergreifende globale Bewegung aufzubauen, die diesen Spaltungen entgegenwirkt und die soziale Reform im Sinne der Menschenrechte voranbringt; damit könnten wir den fundamentalistischen Extremisten aller Seiten den Einfluss nehmen! Mich hat ein katholischer nigerianischer Pfarrer beeindruckt: Im Angesicht von Leichbergen durch den religiösen Konflikt fordert er keine Rache, sondern den Bau eines christlich-muslimischen Friedenshauses!
11 January 2012 Last updated at 14:48 GMT
Boko Haram: Nigerian Islamist leader defends attacks
The leader of Nigeria’s Boko Haram Islamist militants has defended recent attacks on Christians, saying they are revenge for killings of Muslims.
In his first video message, posted on YouTube, Abubakar Shekau referred to attacks on Muslims in recent years in several parts of northern Nigeria.
Boko Haram militants attacked several churches on Christmas Day, killing dozens of worshippers.
This has led to some reprisals against mosques in the mainly Christian south.
Nigeria, Africa’s most populous nation with 160 million people, is divided between a largely Muslim north and a south where most people are Christians and some animists.
Thousands of people have fled their homes following the recent attacks, leading some people, including Nigeria’s president and the leader of the country’s main Christian organisation, to make comparisons with the 1967-70 civil war when leaders of the south-eastern Igbo ethnic group tried to secede.
Mr Shekau, wearing a red and white turban, a bullet-proof vest and sitting in front of two Kalashnikov rifles, said he was responding to recent statements from Nigeria’s President Goodluck Jonathan and the leader of the country’s main Christian organisation, the Christian Association of Nigeria.
Boko Haram: Timeline of terror
- 2002: Founded
- 2009: Hundreds killed when Maiduguri police stations stormed
- 2009: Boko Haram leader Mohammed Yusuf captured by army, handed to police, later found dead
- Sep 2010: Freed hundreds of prisoners from Maiduguri jail
- Dec 2010: Bombed Jos, killing 80 people and blamed for New Year’s Eve attack on Abuja barracks
- 2010-2011: Dozens killed in Maiduguri shootings
- May 2011: Bombed several states after president’s inauguration
- June 2011: Police HQ bombed in Abuja
- Aug 2011: UN HQ bombed in Abuja
- Nov 2011: Co-ordinated bomb and gun attacks in Yobe and Borno states
- Dec 2011: Multiple bomb attacks on Christmas Day kill dozens
He warned President Jonathan that Nigeria’s security forces would not be able to defeat the group.
Mr Jonathan, a Christian, has declared a state of emergency in some northern states but the attacks have continued.
On Tuesday night, gunmen opened fire on a bar in the northern state of Yobe, killing eight people, including several police officers.
The president recently said that he suspected some officials, politicians and members of the security forces sympathised with Boko Haram.
Defending the latest spate of violence, Mr Shekau referred to the killing of Muslims in places like Jos, Kaduna, Zangon Kataf, Tafawa Balewa in recent years.
Some of these places have seen bitter communal clashes but correspondents say they are often based on long-standing disputes over resources such as land, or are whipped up by politicians, rather than being based on religious differences.
„We are also at war with Christians because the whole world knows what they did to us,“ Mr Shekau said in the video, speaking in Hausa – the most common language in northern Nigeria.
„They killed our fellows and even ate their flesh in Jos,“ he said, referring to reports last year of isolated cases of Christian youths burning and eating their rivals in Plateau state, where more than 1,000 people have been killed in a series of clashes over the past two years.
Christian Association of Nigeria head Ayo Oritsejafor said on Saturday that his members would protect themselves against the attacks, which he said suggested „systematic ethnic and religious cleansing“.
Mr Shekau said the group could only hold talks with the government in accordance with the teachings of Islam.
He said the group’s primary targets remained the security forces, who he said had summarily executed their former leader Mohammed Yusuf after he was arrested in 2009.
„Everyone has seen how we were treated, people have seen what has happened between us and armed security agents and their accomplices who give them information about us,“ Mr Shekau said.
After a lull, in 2010 the group started to stage drive-by shootings on government targets in its base in the north-eastern city of Maiduguri.
Last year, it carried out suicide bombings on high-profile targets such as the headquarters of the UN and the police in the capital, Abuja.
Despite its vast resources, Nigeria ranks among the most unequal countries in the world, according to the UN. The poverty in the north is in stark contrast to the more developed southern states. While in the oil-rich south-east, the residents of Delta and Akwa Ibom complain that all the wealth they generate flows up the pipeline to Abuja and Lagos.
Dieses Video beweist, dass die Begründungen von Boko Haram nicht einfach erfunden sind: ihr Führer wurde 2009 verhaftet und dann ohne ordentliches Gerichtsverfahren kurz danach umgebracht.