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Beseitigt die Korruption, nicht staatliiche Zuschüsse! Nigerianer legen mit Generalstreik Nigeria lahm! Afrika zeigt uns, dass man einen politischen Streik machen kann! Im ölreichen Nigeria leben die meisten Menschen in absoluter Armut, die durch die neuen Regierungsbeschlüsse noch härter würde. Eine kleine Elite – eng verbunden mit der internationalen Ölwirtschaft – lebt dagegen in Superluxus! Berichte in Deutsch und Englisch

Januar 9, 2012

Landesweiter Streik gegen Benzinpreiserhöhung
09. Jänner 2012 14:14


Foto: Sunday Alamba/AP/dapd
Protest gegen die Erhöhung der Benzinpreise.

Foto: Sunday Alamba/AP/dapd
Nachdem die Subventionen gestrichen wurden hat sich der Benzinpreis verdoppelt.

Ende der Subventionen führte zur Verdoppelung der Benzinpreise – Präsident will Gehälter hochrangiger Politiker kürzen
Addis Abeba/Abuja – In Nigeria hat am Montag ein landesweiter Streik begonnen. Zu dem Ausstand haben mehrere Gewerkschaften aufgerufen, nachdem die Regierung Anfang Jänner alle Treibstoffsubventionen abgeschafft hatte. Das hat zu einer Verdoppelung der Benzinpreise geführt.

Präsident Goodluck Jonathan hatte am Wochenende eine Kürzung der Gehälter aller hochrangigen Politiker und Spitzenbeamten um 25 Prozent angekündigt, um den Streik doch noch abzuwenden. Er appellierte an die Bürger, den Frieden im bevölkerungsreichsten Staat Afrikas zu bewahren: „Ich möchte jedem Nigerianer versichern, dass der derzeit gefühlte Schmerz nur vorübergehend ist.“

Bittere Armut trotz Ölreichtum

Es wird erwartet, dass nicht nur Angestellte der Ölindustrie, sondern auch Mitarbeiter zahlreicher anderer Branchen die Arbeit niederlegen werden. Der britische Sender BBC berichtete, dass sich unter anderem auch Anwälte und Studenten an den Protesten beteiligen wollten. Wie lange der Streik dauern wird, war zunächst offen. Obwohl der Krisenstaat das größte Öl-Förderland Afrikas ist, leben die meisten Menschen weiter in bitterster Armut.

In der Hauptstadt Abuja wurden die Sicherheitsvorkehrungen weiter verschärft. Das Land kommt seit Wochen nicht zur Ruhe. Bei Anschlägen von Islamisten auf Christen starben am Wochenende erneut zahlreiche Menschen. Sicherheitsbehörden machen die radikalislamische Sekte Boko Haram für den Terror verantwortlich. Diese hatte die Christen ultimativ aufgefordert, binnen drei Tagen den Norden zu verlassen, und ihnen weitere Gewalt angedroht. (APA)

http://derstandard.at/1325485922877/Landesweiter-Streik-gegen-Benzinpreiserhoehung

Nigeria fuel strike brings country to a halt

The BBC’s Mark Lobel in Lagos says banks, shops and businesses are shut
Continue reading the main story
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A general strike in Nigeria over the elimination of a fuel subsidy has brought the country to a standstill.

Shops, offices, schools and petrol stations around the country closed on the first day of an indefinite strike.

Thousands gathered in Lagos and other cities to protest at the loss of the subsidy which has doubled fuel costs.

A demonstrator has been shot dead in Lagos, while 20 people were injured as police used tear gas and fired in the air in the northern city of Kano.

President Goodluck Jonathan has said the subsidy was economically unsustainable.

The normally bustling streets of Lagos are quiet, with the exception of police patrols and protesters on their way to rallies, says the BBC’s Mark Lobel in Nigeria’s commercial capital.

Continue reading the main story
Analysis

Mark Lobel
BBC News, Lagos
Thousands of people at a mass rally in Lagos are screaming and singing out against the fuel subsidy removal they say is totally unfair.

The protests are gathering pace – and the unions say the strike will go on indefinitely.

„Bad luck Jonathan,“ many of the protesters cry. They have a point.

The timing could not be worse for President Goodluck Jonathan, who said his fight against militant Islamists of Boko Haram in the north, who have recently killed dozens of Christians, is worse than the country’s civil war in the 1960s.

He even suggested government officials may be secret members of the group.

It was the president who chose the timing of this fuel fight but it may be that the growing unrest in the north forces his hand in this struggle too.

He cannot afford state resources being stretched for too long while the attacks in the north continue.

Police clashed with demonstrators as thousands gathered at the city’s Gani Fewehinmi park. Witnesses and hospital sources later said one protester was killed.

In other developments around the country:

In Kano, 20 people were wounded as police dispersed protesters converging on the governor’s office
In the capital, Abuja, protester closed the airport and youths camping in the city’s Eagle Square have been removed by police
All the shops in the northern city of Kaduna are closed and there is a heavy police presence
Ilorin, in south-west Nigeria, is also at a standstill, a man who runs market stalls told the BBC
Smuggled fuel
There have been angry protests since the subsidy ended on 1 January as fuel and transport costs have doubled and other costs have risen as well.

The loss of the fuel subsidy has angered many Nigerians, who saw it as the only benefit they received from the country’s vast oil wealth.

Most of Nigeria’s 160 million people live on less than $2 (£1.30) a day, so the sharp price increases have hit them hard.

„With these increases, the cost of transport has gone up and this has also affected the cost of food, and the basic necessities of life, such as rents, school fees and medical bills,“ said Chris Uyot, a spokesman for the Nigeria Labour Congress, one of the strike’s organisers.

A similar strike in 2003 saw Nigeria almost entirely shut down. It ended with a partial climbdown, when the government agreed to reduce the subside, rather than scrapping it altogether.

While the strike is expected to affect oil workers too, industry sources do not expect the industrial action to significantly affect crude exports, Reuters news agency reports.

Despite being a major Opec oil producer, Nigeria has not invested in the infrastructure to produce refined fuel, so has to import much of its petrol.

Continue reading the main story
Nigeria’s fuel prices

Previous price in petrol stations: $0.40/ litre
New price in petrol stations: $0.86
Previous black market price: $0.62
New black market price: $1.23
Annual cost to government of subsidy: $8bn
In pictures: Nigeria fuel strike
With the subsidy, fuel was much cheaper in Nigeria than neighbouring countries, so some of it was smuggled abroad.

Members of parliament have called on President Goodluck Jonathan to reconsider, but he has said the subsidy was economically unsustainable.

He made a televised address on Saturday to defend the the subsidy cut and other government austerity moves.

„We must act in the public interest, no matter how tough, for the pains of today cannot be compared to the benefits of tomorrow.“

The deregulation of the petroleum sector was, he insisted, the best way to curb corruption and ensure the survival and growth of the economy.

Nigerians queued to buy petrol ahead of the strike
„The truth is that we are all faced with two basic choices… either we deregulate and survive economically, or we continue with a subsidy regime that will continue to undermine our economy and potential for growth, and face serious consequences.“

He said that top government officials would, from this year, take a 25% pay cut, and foreign trips would also be reduced.

The government says it will spend the $8bn (£5bn) it saves each year by scrapping the subsidy on improving health, education and the country’s erratic electricity supply.

However, many Nigerians fear it is more likely to end up in the pockets of corrupt officials.

Last month, International Monetary Fund (IMF) head Christine Lagarde praised President Jonathan’s efforts to reform the Nigerian economy but cautioned that the country should become less reliant on oil exports for revenue.

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