Kommt nach dem arabischen jetzt auch der afrikanische Frühling? Oppositionsführer Tshisekedi fordert die kongolesische Armee auf, nicht mehr den Befehlen des amtierenden Präsidenten Kabila zu folgen! Der Vorsitzende der Partei für „Demokratie und sozialen Fortschritt (UdPDS)“ will sich als Präsident selbst vereidigen lassen, da er davon ausgeht, dass er die Wahlen gewonnen hat und nicht der von der Wahlkommission zum Sieger erklärte Kabila: Tatsächtlich berichtet BBC von zahlreichen Wahlfälschungen: In Kabilas Wahlbezirk etwa sind mehr Stimmen nach den offiziellen Angaben abgegeben worden, als es überhaupt Wähler gibt!
DR Congo’s Tshisekedi orders army to disobey Kabila
Democratic Republic of Congo opposition leader Etienne Tshisekedi has called on the security forces to stop obeying orders from President Joseph Kabila.
Mr Tshisekedi made the call after rejecting Mr Kabila’s victory in last month’s disputed elections.
Mr Kabila, 40, is due to be sworn in on Tuesday, while Mr Tshisekedi, 79, has planned his own inauguration for Friday.
An aide of Mr Kabila said Mr Tshisekedi was following a „criminal logic“.
Many observers have criticised the polls as seriously flawed.
The elections were the first Congolese-organised polls since the end of a devastating war in 2003 which left some four million people dead.
On Friday, the Supreme Court confirmed official results showing that Mr Kabila won with 49% of the vote against 32% for Mr Tshisekedi.
But Mr Tshisekedi said he rejected the results and was now the president.
„I will be sworn in next Friday before the Congolese people gathered at the Martyrs‘ stadium,“ he said.
Mr Tshisekedi said he was offering a reward for the capture of Mr Kabila and had dismissed his government.
He also called on the security forces and civil servants to disobey Mr Kabila’s orders.
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Leader of Union for Democracy and Social Progress party
Studied law under Belgian colonial rule
Led secessionist movement in central Kasai region after independence in 1960s
Led campaign for democracy since 1980s
Briefly served as prime minister in 1990s under Mobutu Sese Seko
Boycotted first democratic election in 2006
Rejected defeat in 2011 election
Profiles of Tshisekedi and Kabila
„I’m calling on you to only obey the legitimate authority voted in by the people, not individual adventurists who will have to answer before the Congolese and international judiciaries.“
A senior member of Kabila’s campaign team, Aubin Minaku, warned that Mr Tshisekedi could be arrested for trying to form a rival administration.
„Mr Tshisekedi is following a criminal logic,“ he said.
„Anywhere in the world, when an individual commits a crime, whatever his rank, even a presidential candidate, especially when he incites international crimes, the state must react vigorously, and the International Criminal Court should react vigorously too.“
Mr Tshisekedi led the campaign for democracy under former leader Mobutu Sese Seko but these were the first elections he has contested.
He boycotted the last poll in 2006, organised under the auspices of the United Nations, after claiming they had been rigged in advance.
Mr Kabila has been president since 2001 following the assassination of his father, Laurent and he is due to be sworn in on Tuesday for his second term.
Last week, Mr Kabila admitted there had been mistakes in the election process.
But he rejected concerns that the results lacked credibility.
The US-based Carter Center, which sent observers to the election, said the vote was too flawed to be credible.
The US state department called for a review of irregularities and the EU described parts of the election process as „chaotic“.
However, the African Union described the elections as a success.
DR Congo election: Questions hang over Kabila’s victory
By Thomas Hubert
BBC News, Kinshasa
The capital voted for the opposition by two-to-one and has seen unrest since Friday’s announcement
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Gunshots were ringing out in the streets around the central prison in Kinshasa, the capital of the Democratic Republic of Congo, on Saturday as groups of three policemen armed with assault rifles went door-to-door in apparent search operations after a night of violence and looting.
Burnt-out tyres, broken glass and concrete blocks littered the neighbourhood’s only tarmac road, and an armoured truck was parked outside the prison itself.
Similar trucks have been patrolling the streets of the capital for most of this week, with their turret-mounted machine guns hidden under protective bags. This time, the weapon was gleaming in the sun.
„There have been killings and looting, young men have died and a bakery was ransacked,“ angry residents shouted.
When asked who had committed those crimes, they answered in a chorus: „Soldiers, policemen!“
An officer heading one of the police squads waved the BBC car through and played down the violence. „We’re only using plastic bullets,“ he said.
The head of the national police, Charles Bisengimana, has acknowledged that his force had killed at least four people in Kinshasa since the presidential result was announced on Friday afternoon – three looters and one woman hit by a stray bullet.
The UN-sponsored station Radio Okapi put the death toll at six in the capital.
„We only use non-lethal equipment to disperse protest marches, but policemen who protect buildings or people had to use weapons,“ Gen Bisengimana said.
He also warned that armed police would be used against „armed groups linked to the opposition“ after one policeman was shot dead on Thursday and another one injured by gunfire on Saturday.
The situation was under control, he added.
Doubts and disappointment
More reports of violence came from the central city of Mbuji-Mayi, where official tallies show that 97% of voters supported the opposition candidate Etienne Tshisekedi.
Mr Tshisekedi’s supporters took to the streets to show their anger at alleged fraud
The president of the local civil society committee said one man had died there and members of the security forces had arrested numerous people or stolen their belongings.
Another civil society leader, Willy Wabo, was murdered overnight in North Kivu province, in the east of the country. A local journalist said Mr Wabo had vigorously denounced irregularities in the electoral process.
The Kinshasa voters who have been burning tyres and breaking down electricity poles on Saturday are also putting the election result in doubt.
„We are really disappointed. We voted for Tshisekedi, now we are told it’s Kabila. That’s why we are angry,“ a local woman said.
Election observers are now scrutinising the detailed results posted by the electoral commission on its website following the announcement of President Kabila’s re-election on Friday evening.
Several electoral observation missions, including the Carter Centre, are expected to issue reports in the coming days on the credibility of the paper trail from each of the 63,000 polling stations to the final tally.
Already, some trends from the raw data are striking: The number of polling stations where the results were discarded by the electoral commission because of electoral violence or logistical problems is consistently higher in areas where the opposition vote was high.
For example, nearly one in five polling stations in Kinshasa was not included in the election result, compared to less than 1% in Katanga. Two-thirds of Kinshasa voters chose Mr Tshisekedi, while 90% of those in Katanga voted for Mr Kabila.
In Mr Kabila’s home village of Manono, more voters cast their ballots than were registered on the list, resulting in a turnout rate of 100.14%.
According to official figures, only one person in that entire constituency voted for Mr Tshisekedi.